Jorge Moll and the Relationship of Morality to Evolution

The efforts of Jorge Moll, the neuroscientist and his associate, Jordan Grafman neuroscience is finding its place in discussions about morality. According to Moll and Grafman, the brain is a primary force in the act of being good (Loop.frontiersin). When monitoring test subjects who were hooked up to brain scanning devices it was discovered that the same areas of the brain lit up in response to more primitive stimuli like food and sex as well as when thoughts of giving charitably were considered.

According to Jorge Moll and Jordan Grafman who are looking at the brain’s relationship to morality, their brain imaging and psychological study is revealing that morality is hard-wired into the brain. They are likening morality to many aspects of the evolutionary process where traits are transferred from adult to child for generations.

If the simplest animal reactions can judge the transfer of morality through the generations, the example of how rats react to the treatment of other rats is one way to demonstrate this phenomenon. In an experiment conducted by Moll and a team, food is put before one rat. As the rat eats, another rat within his viewing area is shocked each time he eats. The eating rat will forego eating rather than have the other rat be subjected to constant shocks.

Even is less evolved animals, morality may be hard-wired into the brain. It is now considered a possibility that morality has biological roots. The reward center of the brain has been a part of human evolution for a very long time. Many worry that if brain chemistry is the reason people behave morally, then making the right choice or free will would no longer be important. These concepts disturb both scientists and theologians.

Because emotion is often involved in any moral decision we make, the ability to tap into your emotional response to an idea is important. Based on Jorge Moll and team, when patients with ventromedical prefrontal cortex damage consider a moral decision, they lack emotions. They do not go through the same dilemmas a person who experiences emotions would. This fact pointed to the process of deciding the morality of a situation. To consider it, there is a complicated process. Psychopaths feel no remorse or empathy like the ventromedical prefrontal cortex damaged individuals. In both instances, they rely completely on reasoning. Morality doesn’t enter into the thinking, once again highlighting the probability that morality is hard-wired into the healthy human brain.


Todd Lubar and The Solid Wisdom We Can Learn From His Interview at Inspirery

The recent interview that the entrepreneur Todd Lubar did with Inspirery engenders a comprehensive discussion, if only because there’s so much wisdom that one can get there regarding how to start a business, how to sustain an idea and how to continue despite the challenges of running a business.

The Interview

It’s nice to read once in a while an epistolary article about how to start a business straight from a conversation between a real businessman and an interviewer. In the article from, we can glean on what Todd Lubar has discovered in his years as a successful businessman in Maryland.

Being the president of TDL Ventures means that Todd has gone through all the standard challenges in running a business. He’s been through a lot, and so his words could also mean weight a lot better than what the amateurs could say. For more details visit Crunchbase.

How to Make Money

It is in the interview with Inspirery that one can learn from Mr. Todd himself that his strategy in being able to be profitable with his business is to get the motivation out of people. When he is able to push people to do the work and accomplish their own goals, he also gets a share from their efforts. His experience and expertise also in finance has also shaped his drive to help more people also achieve their own goals. Without his finance background and his real-world experience in the real estate industry, he couldn’t give the energy and authority to know what he’s doing and to share the right ideas with the people he teaches. Check out Ideamensch to see more.

One Marketing Strategy

Asked for another big marketing tactic, Todd Lubar also shared that Google has been a powerful tool in making sure that the real estate agents he handles get more leads and employ their sales strategies in the broader reach.

About Todd Lubar

Other than being the president of TDL Ventures, Todd Lubar also got a B.A. degree in Speech Communication at the Syracuse University, which helped shaped the skillset that he has right now. He was also an executive at Priority Financial services.

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Jorge Moll’s Moral Compass Experiment

Jorge Moll and Jordan Grafmaan both neuroscientist for the National Institute of Health started an experiment testing people’s brains to see if perhaps people might be hard wired to choose the right path morally ( It can be a challenging argument but Jorge Moll was excited about the findings that they came up with. They noticed that when someone was presented with a moral dilemma, the more the person showed compassion they made the right choice. When faced with these moral dilemmas the primitive part of the brain would become more active. The primitive part of the brain is mostly active when thinking of food or sex. It was exciting for Jorge Moll to see this because it raises the question, could the brain be hard wired? When faced with a dilemma could the primitive part of the brain automatically help in the decision someone makes?

In cases where people had brain damage the results were different. These individuals actually had less empathy and seemed more practical when making decisions. Some psychopaths have no remorse or empathy at all. Which was also a good question for Jorge Moll to present. Should people with brain damage not be held to the same standards? Could people with brain damage not have the same hard wiring as others?

In some cases it showed that the brain almost argued within itself. Depending on the moral problem or the intensity of the dilemma, the brain could actually be hard wired to know the right answer. However arguing within itself because sometimes empathy would rule over practicality.

In animals we do not know for sure what goes on in there heads. Jorge Moll said that when testing rats, if you would shock one rat every time you give the other rat a piece of food. Eventually the rat receiving the food would reject it in order to save the other. That is a very interesting experiment and makes us wonder maybe animals are also hard wired with a moral compass.

Jorge Moll’s exciting experiment with scanning people’s brains leads us to the question, does empathy steer us? Do we have a hard wired moral compass?


Dr. Mark Holterman Global Pediatric Professional

Dr. Mark Holterman raised in the state of Wisconsin is the Chief Executive Officer of Mariam Global Health. Dr. Holterman is a retired Professor of surgery and pediatrics in the (Division of Pediatric Surgery). Dr. Mark Holterman is a well known Professional in the medical field specializing in Pediatric surgery that has several years established in clinical medicine and scientific research. Dr. Holterman is an expert in clinical-care and always held the position as a frontline healthcare professional that served as the first initial point of contact. Dr. Mark Hartman is a Pediatric Surgeon which includes performing medical research as well as teaching medical students and surgical residents at the University of Illinois College of Medicine-Peoria since 2011.


Dr. Mark Holterman Education

Yale University

Degree: Bachelor of Arts

Studies: Biology, General


University of Virginia

Degree: MD-PhD

Studies: Medicine and Immunology

(Medical Scientist Training Program)



University of Illinois College of Medicine

Peoria Campus

The University Illinois College of Medicine is a four-year program leading one to medical a medical degree. The college is an independent institution that opened in 1882. The Peoria Campus offers students in their second through fourth year of studies the opportunity to get clinical experience from the following.

  • Methodist Medical Center of Illinois
  • OSF Saint Francis Medical Center
  • Perkin Hospital
  • Proctor Community Hospital

Children’s Hospital of Illinois being the busiest pediatric hospital of all is where students will have the opportunity to gain experience and work under the leadership of the incredible Dr. Mark Holterman an America’s Top Doctors award winner for 2008, 2010, 2012 through 2015 and 2017 (Thenewsversion). This is quite an honorable experience for students attending the medical program at the Peoria campus.


Mariam Global Health

Dr. Mark Holterman is the Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Mariam Global Health a global investment business and management firm since 2012. Investments with the firm are used towards scientific advances in medical and healthcare treatments and technologies. Dr. Mark Holterman looks forward to making a difference in the world. Marks life experience as a medical professional gave him the idea of Mariam Global Health services knowing that certain technologies in the healthcare area are in need of some improvement. Mark is aware that to be consistent with medical research financial backing comes and goes quite quickly, with the services provided by Mariam Global Health research revenue will no longer become an issue as well as an attractive portfolio for active investors.


Dr. Holterman Busy Schedule

Dr. Mark Holterman with over 30 years of experience in the medical field is a man with a busy schedule as a surgeon, researcher-educator, and CEO. Dr. Holterman within his busy schedule is a loving husband to his wife Ai-Xuan and a father of three sons residing in the state of Illinois.


Heal N Soothe Herbal Supplements for Joint Pain

     Heal-n-Soothe is a natural enzyme therapy in capsule form that help relieve pain naturally without prescription drugs. It reduces inflammation and helps the body to repair and regrow injured tissue. They promotes healing with less side effects.

It formula contains 12 powerful natural ingredients that reduce pain in the body. The first ingredient is proteolytic systemtic enzymes that eliminates scar tissues and cleanses the blood. Bromelain found in pineapple blocks pain pathways in the body. Turmeric extract is another ingredient that helps the body deal with aches.

Heal-n-Soother contains papin from the dried turmeric root. It reduces swelling and discomfort from inflammation. Boswellia is an extract that promotes blood circulation and is widely used in Indian medicine. Yucca root another ingredient contains substances that help to support the immune and digestive system. The other ingredients in this supplement are ginger extract, devil’s claw, and citrus bioflavonoids.

Each bottle contains 60 vegan capsules for consumers. The cost is $59 per bottle. It can be taken one to three times daily on an empty stomach. The capsule can be taken 1/2 hour before meals or 1 hour after eating. Those that suffer from chronic medical conditions should check with their doctor before taking this supplement.

This product is promoted by the Healthy Back Institute and manufactured by the National Enzyme Company. Living Well Naturaceuticals sells the product. The natural ingredients in the product make it safe for using over long periods of time.

The enzymes in the product are believed to help treat sprains, bruises, fractures, and arthritis effectively. All ingredients in scientific studies have been proven to reduce pain. It contains Vitamin E and protects against muscle ache and tissue damage. It has L-glutathione an antioxidant that is used for DNA repair, protein synthesis, and regulating the immune system.

Many consumers who have tried the product found the product reduced pain. Many were able to stop taking over the counter medications for pain. It helped reduce back, shoulders, arthritis and general types of pain. The product takes several days to see improvement. Some people take Heal-n-Soothe regularly and others for only a short period of time.

Jim Larkin: Labor Union Activis

Labor was a serious thing near the turn of the 20th century. There was too much work to be done in dangerous conditions, for too little pay. This is where James Larkin comes into perspective. He was born on January 21st 1876 in Liverpool, England. While his childhood transitioned to adulthood Larkin gained a colorful history of work experience. Learn more about Jim Larkin: and

Jim Larkin first joined the National Union of Dock Laborers in 1905. After fallout in 1907, he was deported to Dublin, Ireland. Here he would establish The Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union.

This was satisfying some of Dublin’s need to have an Irish-based revolution; at the same time considerably quenching the need for unions internationally. An activist that was passionate about his cause, Larkin was answerable for a group of workforce strikes that followed.

The success of the ITGWU was a major part of spurring a large-scale labor movement. Around 1911 Larkin would attempt to advertise his message of workplace harmony by converting the ITGWU headquarters into a center for the community. Read more: Jim Larkin | Wikipedia and Jim Larkin | Biography

‘The Irish Worker’ first published in May 1911 proved prosperous and improved Jim’s credibility generously. Around this time the union’s enrollment jumped upwards a massive 10,000 members.

Jim met his dissolution in 1913 with the Dublin Lockout. William Martin Murphy, boss of the tram business, disagreed with Larkin’s beliefs and requested to lay off several employees. Consequently, 100,000 workers went on strike for over seven months.

The Dublin Lockout left Jim drained and he straggled over to the United States again in 1914. Truthfully, Jim wanted to reinvent himself as a public speaker. Just like many situations before, Jim met some resistance.

A pro-German stance prevented him from effectively conveying socialism. So he simply made a switch and turned his energy into transforming socialism into communism.

Jim was arrested and charged with criminal anarchy in 1919. After a short time incarcerated Larkin was pardoned in 1923, but this didn’t sway his recently developed madness. His behavior cost what was left of his already hard-earned career. The ITGWU cast him out in 1924. It seemed as though everything were falling apart.

Sadly, Jim Larkin died January 30th 1947 after falling through a floor undergoing construction. Nevertheless, Larkin’s impacts still reverberate to this day. Labor laws everywhere are constructed on the base of a fair work environment. He has perpetually altered the views of laboring workplaces.

Eric Lefkofsky And Tempus Labs Are Revolutioniing Cancer Care

Entrepreneur Eric Lefkofsky and the company he co-founded, Tempus Labs, is revolutionizing cancer care through the use of big data analytics. The Chicago based company was launched three years ago and has quickly been rated among he health tech industry’s top 10 start-up companies. Tempus has collaborated with many of the comprehensive cancer centers run by the National Cancer Institute as well as several academic institutions. The company will help shape and dramatically change medicine over the next few years with their groundbreaking technologies.

Founded in 2015, Tempus Labs has developed technology that can improve medical research in many areas. They include cancer testing, patient germline and tumor DNA sequencing, cell-free DNA liquid biopsies, RNA sequencing of tumors, tumor cell organoid cultures with drug testing, as well as machine learning of many layers of information including electronic medical record, medical imaging and pathology and much more. Tempus Labs is now mentioned on the list of top 10 transformative medical innovations published each year by Dr. Eric Topol.

In addition to Tempus technology, Dr. Topol’s list includes technologies for gene editing and gene therapy, a deep-learning algorithm for diagnosing skin cancer, the KardiaBand for diagnosing atrial fibrillation, pathogen sequencing technology and two new FDA-approved glucose sensors. The new cancer treatment Chimeric antigen receptor T Immunotheraphy is also on the list as is a blood pressure watch and artificial intelligence technology for use in diagnosing eye diseases.

Tempus co-founder and Chicago based serial entrepreneur Eric Lefkofsky is from Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan,earned an undergraduate degree, then graduated from the University of Michigan Law School with his JD. He went found or co-found Lightbank, Groupon, Uptake Technologies, InnerWorkings, Mediaocean and Echo Global Logistics. Eric Lefkofsky is also a University of Chicago adjunct professor and author of the book ‘Accelerated Disruption: Understanding the True Speed of Innovation’.

A generous philanthropist, Lefkofsky supports numerous Chicago institutions including the Lurie Children’s Hospital, World Business Chicago, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Steppenwolf Theatre Company and The Museum of Science and Industry. He also supports positive causes worldwide through the Lefkofsky Family Foundation.

Contact Eric Lefkofsky:

Dr. Mark Holterman, Child Advocate

From his youth on a Wisconsin farm to his present place as a global influence in meeting the medical needs of children, Dr. Mark Holterman has traveled far. After graduating from Yale University with a major in biology in 1980, Holterman attended Medical school at the University of Virginia along with studying to become a medical scientist at the National Institute of Health (

During this time his life and career were influenced by a young resident and future surgeon, Ai-Xuan Le. Mark and Ai-Xuan’s professional and personal interests merged and they both became pediatric surgeons. The couple married in 1988 and now have three sons.

Dr. Holterman has amassed more than two decades of medical and research experience, first as a resident at the University of Virginia’s Health Science Center, then as a pediatric surgeon at the Univesity of Washington’s Children’s Hospital and Medical Center in Seattle, and later as a research associate at the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal in Canada.

Along with his influence as a global speaker, the investment firm Miriam Global Health, of which Dr. Holterman is CEO, seeks to fund and manage medical innovations. Since 2011 he has been a faculty member of the University of Illinois College of Medicine, educating a new generation of pediatricians and surgeons.

Dr. Holterman continues to practice medicine as well as participate in research in stem cell and other regenerative treatments, along with pioneering treatments for cancer and diabetes. The American Diabetes Association awarded Dr. Holterman their Innovative Research Award for his contributions in that field.

After a visit with Ai-Xuan to her native Vietnam in 2007, the Holtermans joined with doctors there to found the International Pediatrics Specialists Alliance for the Children of Vietnam. This alliance seeks to join U.S. and Vietnamese doctors together to improve hospital conditions and bring needed care to the children of rural Vietnam. The alliance works to increase awareness and supply new up-to-date equipment. The future is full of bright hopes that many more lives will be saved by Dr. Holterman’s ongoing efforts on behalf of needy children.


Jeremy Goldstein Says EPS Is Good For Both Employees and Employers

The question of whether EPS (Earnings Per Share) is good or bad needs to be settled if owners of corporations want their companies to continue existing. Ignoring the answer to this important question will jeopardize their company’s ability to make profit and thus endanger their existence. Thankfully, Jeremy Goldstein has an answer to the question and has a solution to the problem that will satisfy both parties in the equation. His extensive experience in settling disputes of companies versus their employees will have a bearing on whether EPS is good or bad for a corporation.



Advocates of EPS claim that it is beneficial not only to the employees but also to their employers. Meanwhile, EPS detractors say that it will be disastrous to a company and to a larger extent, to the nation’s economy. Goldstein, who is a principal in Jeremy L. Goldstein and Associates, LLC proposes a compromise between the two sides. In the absence of another option, both parties should hear what Goldstein has to say.



EPS is basically a way to gauge the profitability of a corporation. It is a figure that can be calculated using the formula: EPS = (Net Income – Preferred Stock Dividends)/Average Outstanding Shares. As such, the company’s profit is broken down by its particular EPS on a per share basis. In other words, EPS is a way to show a company’s value.



The opponents of EPS say that there is a dark side to this system. They claim that because of the very competitive nature of trading and shares, company owners and corporations could use EPS to their advantage. If they use EPS with wrong motives, they could create a financial picture that shows the results they want, no matter what the actual financial situation is. They can do this to boost their income or sales. EPS, according to its detractors, could also endanger favoritism among the ranks of employees in a company.



Meanwhile, proponents of EPS are enthusiastic about its supposed benefits. They say EPS will encourage employers to increase the salaries of their workers. Furthermore, they say that it will encourage stakeholders of the company to sell or buy their shares. If only these two factors are considered, EPS could really be considered as beneficial to both employee and employer. Learn more:



It is therefore obvious that these two sides will be in conflict with each other over the EPS issue. In this scenario, Goldstein is proposing a compromise. He suggests that instead of removing EPS, a company should make its owners and top executives more accountable to their actions. If the top management echelon will be more responsible with their decisions, there is no need to deprive employees with their deserved pay hikes. The employees will be happy to do their jobs and the company’s production will increase and so will its income and profit.


Dr. Mark Holterman Relies On Others

Dr. Mark Holterman has learned about science research and about clinical medicine, and he uses the knowledge that he has in both regards to help him when he sees patients. He is a passionate man who has the knowledge that he needs to help people in a creative way. Dr. Mark Holterman received his degree from the University of Virginia School of Medicine, and he went on to practice medicine, working as a doctor for over twenty years. This man works as both a pediatric surgeon and as a medical professor who shares his knowledge with others and helps them to learn.

When Dr. Mark Holterman wakes up in the morning, he says a prayer of thanks right away. He knows that it is important for a person to be grateful for their life and for all that they have. Dr. Holterman has shared that he goes on to live out his day in a way that allows him to take on any tasks that he needs to and handle them well. He keeps his schedule flexible as he feels that helps him to best handle all that he needs to get done each day.

When Dr. Mark Holterman was asked about something that he does that helps him to be productive, he shared that he always asks for advice. He believes that it is important for a person to look to others with questions that they have and for confirmation when they are about to do something big. He believes that it is important for a person to take their ideas to a team of trusted individuals and to consider those ideas with such people. This man has learned that he works best as a doctor when he allows others to have some influence on his life and the way that he works.

More about Dr. Mark Holterman on Twitter.